Signaling regulates activity of DHCR24, the final enzyme in cholesterol synthesi[s]
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The role of signaling in regulating cholesterol homeostasis is gradually becoming more widely recognized. Here, we explored how kinases and phosphorylation sites regulate the activity of the enzyme involved in the final step of cholesterol synthesis, 3ß-hydroxysterol ?24-reductase (DHCR24). Many factors are known to regulate DHCR24 transcriptionally, but little is known about its posttranslational regulation. We developed a system to specifically test human ectopic DHCR24 activity in a model cell-line (Chinese hamster ovary-7) using siRNA targeted only to hamster DHCR24, thus ensuring that all activity could be attributed to the human enzyme. We determined the effect of known phosphorylation sites and found that mutating certain residues (T110, Y299, and Y507) inhibited DHCR24 activity. In addition, inhibitors of protein kinase C ablated DHCR24 activity, although not through a known phosphorylation site. Our data indicate a novel mechanism whereby DHCR24 activity is regulated by signaling. Supplementary key words 3ß-hydroxysterol ?24-reductase phosphorylation bisindolylmaleimide I protein kinase C regulation desmosterol gas chromatography-mass spectrometry Copyright © 2014 by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
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