Structure, Properties, Functionalization, and Applications of Carbon Nanohorns
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Carbon nanohorns (sometimes also known as nanocones) are conical carbon nanostructures constructed from an sp(2) carbon sheet. Nanohorns require no metal catalyst in their synthesis, and can be produced in industrial quantities. They provide a realistic and useful alternative to carbon nanotubes, and possibly graphene, in a wide range of applications. They also have their own unique behavior due to their specific conical morphology. However, their research and development has been slowed by several factors, notably during synthesis, they aggregate into spherical clusters ~100 nm in diameter, blocking functionalization and treatment of individual nanocones. This limitation has recently been overcome with a new approach to separating these "dahlia-like" clusters into individual nanocones. In this review, we describe the structure, synthesis, and topology of carbon nanohorns, and provide a detailed review of nanohorn chemistry.
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Furmaniak, S.; Terzyk, A.; Kowalczyk, Piotr; Kaneko, K.; Gauden, P. (2013)Using realistic models of single-walled carbon nanohorns and their single-walled carbon nanotube counterparts, we study the equilibrium separation of CO2–CH4 mixtures near ambient operating conditions by using molecular ...
Karousis, N.; Suarez-Martinez, Irene; Ewels, C.; Tagmatarchis, N. (2016)Carbon nanohorns (sometimes also known as nanocones) are conical carbon nanostructures constructed from an sp(2) carbon sheet. Nanohorns require no metal catalyst in their synthesis, and can be produced in industrial ...
Kowalczyk, Poitr; Terzyk, A.; Gauden, P.; Furmaniak, S.; Kaneko, K. (2014)We present the first in silico modeling of the Pd–H-single-walled carbon nanohorn nanocomposites. Temperature-quench Monte Carlo simulations are used to generate the most stable morphologies ofPd81 clusters (cluster sizes ...