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© 2012, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Natural disasters, whether of meteorological origin such as cyclones, floods, tornadoes and droughts or of having geological nature such as earthquakes and volcanoes, are well known for their devastating impacts on human life, economy and environment, and are also formidable physical constraints in our overall efforts to develop and utilize the natural resources on a sustainable basis. Indeed, disasters have been known to hit hard as seen from the floods of 2010–2011 in Pakistan and Australia, the sludge flow in Hungary in 2010, and the landslide in Brazil in 2011, events which had environmental catastrophe. Disaster trends reveal that the most vulnerable and hardest hit are normally the poorest people, most of who live in developing countries. With tropical climate and unstable land forms, coupled with high population density, poverty, illiteracy and lack of infrastructure development, developing countries are more vulnerable to suffer from the damaging potential of such disasters. For example, the year 2004 was witness to one of the greatest tragedies of humankind, the great tsunami that wiped out civilization in many parts of south-east Asia. Thousands were rendered homeless, and many lost their loved ones.
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