Assessment of 285 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia seen at single large tertiary center in Northern India
MetadataShow full item record
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common lymphoproliferative disorder in the West accounting for about 30% of leukemias, but about 24% in India. There is no large series reported from India, and hence we decided to undertake this study. We assessed the clinicohematological profiles and treatment outcomes in 285 patients seen over 11 years at our center (median age 59 years, 209 males). Sixty-three patients (22%) were asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally. The median total leukocyte count at presentation was 50 × 109/L. Rai stage distribution was: stage 0, 10%; stage I, 16%; stage II, 33%; stage III, 20%; and stage IV, 21%. Fifty percent of patients required treatment at presentation. Ninety-six patients received chlorambucil-based (overall response rate [ORR] 69%, complete remission [CR] 3%) and 27 patients received fludarabine-based (ORR 89%, CR 44%) chemotherapy. With a median follow-up of 2.9 years, the median overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were 5.1 and 4.6 years, respectively. Fludarabine was more toxic, as half of the patients developed febrile neutropenia and various infections. The majority of patients presented with advanced stage disease. Fludarabine was less commonly used as first-line therapy. Advanced clinical stage (Rai III and IV) was associated with poor OS (hazard ratio [HR] 2.46, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.195.11, p 0.001) and EFS. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Prognostic and predictive significance of smudge cell percentage on routine blood smear in chronic lymphocytic leukemiaGogia, A.; Raina, V.; Gupta, Ritu; Gajendra, S.; Kumar, L.; Sharma, A.; Kumar, R.; Vishnubhatla, S. (2014)© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.We highlight, the use of smudge cell percentage on peripheral smear of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients at centers with limited resources.Introduction/Background: Smudge ...
Neratinib after trastuzumab-based adjuvant therapy in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer (ExteNET): A multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trialChan, Arlene; Delaloge, S.; Holmes, F.; Moy, B.; Iwata, H.; Harvey, V.; Robert, N.; Silovski, T.; Gokmen, E.; von Minckwitz, G.; Ejlertsen, B.; Chia, S.; Mansi, J.; Barrios, C.; Gnant, M.; Buyse, M.; Gore, I.; Smith, J.; Harker, G.; Masuda, N.; Petrakova, K.; Zotano, A.; Iannotti, N.; Rodriguez, G.; Tassone, P.; Wong, A.; Bryce, R.; Ye, Y.; Yao, B.; Martin, M. (2016)Background: Neratinib, an irreversible tyrosine-kinase inhibitor of HER1, HER2, and HER4, has clinical activity in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of ...
Gogia, A.; Sharma, A.; Raina, V.; Kumar, L.; Gupta, Ritu; Kumar, R. (2013)Aim of Study: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common chronic lympho-proliferative disorder. This study was undertaken to know the prevalence of ZAP-70 and CD 38 in the treatment naive patients of CLL seen ...