Advances in Cathode Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Complex Oxides without Alkaline Earth Metal Elements
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© 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) represent one of the cleanest and most efficient options for the direct conversion of a wide variety of fuels to electricity. For example, SOFCs powered by natural gas are ideally suited for distributed power generation. However, the commercialization of SOFC technologies hinges on breakthroughs in materials development to dramatically reduce the cost while enhancing performance and durability. One of the critical obstacles to achieving high-performance SOFC systems is the cathodes for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), which perform poorly at low temperatures and degrade over time under operating conditions. Here a comprehensive review of the latest advances in the development of SOFC cathodes is presented: complex oxides without alkaline earth metal elements (because these elements could be vulnerable to phase segregation and contaminant poisoning). Various strategies are discussed for enhancing ORR activity while minimizing the effect of contaminant on electrode durability. Furthermore, some of the critical challenges are briefly highlighted and the prospects for future-generation SOFC cathodes are discussed. A good understanding of the latest advances and remaining challenges in searching for highly active SOFC cathodes with robust tolerance to contaminants may provide useful guidance for the rational design of new materials and structures for commercially viable SOFC technologies. Recent advances in the development of cathode materials for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are reviewed, focusing on the relationship between crystal structure, composition, catalytic activity, and durability. Various strategies for microstructure optimization and performance enhancement are highlighted, together with challenges and prospects, to provide guidelines for knowledge-based design of novel cathodes for a new generation of SOFCs.
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Advances in Cathode Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Complex Oxides without Alkaline Earth Metal ElementsChen, Y.; Zhou, W.; Ding, D.; Liu, M.; Ciucci, F.; Tade, Moses; Shao, Zongping (2015)Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) represent one of the cleanest and most efficient options for the direct conversion of a wide variety of fuels to electricity. For example, SOFCs powered by natural gas are ideally suited for ...
Yang, Guangming; Su, Chao; Ran, Ran; Tade, Moses; Shao, Zongping (2014)Advanced symmetric solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with a reducible electrode were proposed. Specifically, La2NiO4 + La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-delta (LSGM) [or Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9 (SDC)] composite electrodes were successfully ...
Su, Chao; Wang, Wei; Liu, M.; Tadé, Moses; Shao, Zongping (2015)Symmetrical solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have attracted increasing attention due to their potential for improved thermomechanical compatibility of the electrolyte and the electrodes, reduced fabrication cost, and enhanced ...