Multidimensional computation and visualisation for marine controlled source electromagnetic methods
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The controlled source electromagnetic method is improving the search for oil and gas in marine settings and is becoming an integral component of many exploration toolkits. While the level of detail and benefit obtained from recorded electromagnetic data sets is limited to the tools available, interpretation is fundamentally restricted by non-unique and equivalent solutions. I create the tools necessary to rapidly compute and visualise multi-dimensional electromagnetic fields generated for a variety of controlled source electromagnetic surveys. This thesis is divided into two parts: the creation of an electromagnetic software framework and the electromagnetic research applications.The creation of a new electromagnetic software framework is covered in Part I. Steps to create and test a modern electromagnetic data structure, three-dimensional visualisation and interactive graphical user interface from the ground up are presented. Bringing together several computer science disciplines ranging from parallel computing, networking and computer human interaction to three-dimensional visualisation, a package specifically tailored to marine controlled source electromagnetic compuation is formed. The electromagnetic framework is comprised of approximately 100,000 lines of new Java code and several third party libraries, which provides low-level graphical, network and execution cross-platform functionality. The software provides a generic framework to integrate most computational engines and algorithms into the coherent global electromagnetic package enabling the interactive forward modelling, inversion and visualisation of electromagnetic data.Part II is comprised of several research applications utilising the developed electromagnetic software framework. Cloud computing and streamline visualisation are covered. These topics are covered to solve several problems in modern controlled source electromagnetic methods. Large 3D electromagnetic modelling and inversion may require days or even weeks to be performed on a single-threaded personal computers. A massively parallelised electromagnetic forward modelling and inversion methods can dramatically was created to improve computational time. The developed ’macro’ parallelisation method facilitated the reduction in computational time by several orders of magnitude with relatively little additional effort and without modification of the internal electromagnetic algorithm. The air wave is a significant component of marine controlled source electromagnetic surveys however there is controversy and confusion over its defintion. The airwave has been described as a reflected, refracted, direct or diffusing wave, which has lead to confusion over its physical reality.
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Pethick, A.; Harris, Brett (2013)Streamlines represent particle motion within a vector field as a single line structure and have been used in many areas of geophysics. We extend the concept of streamlines to interactive three dimensional representations ...
Pethick, Andrew; Harris, Brett (2016)© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Many geophysical computational problems can be referred to as "embarrassingly parallel". Parallel computing utilises linked CPU cores to solve computational problems. We create a "macro" parallelisation ...
Pethick, Andrew; Harris, Brett (2012)The marine controlled source electromagnetic method has developed during the last decade for direct hydrocarbon indication. Marine controlled source electromagnetic software is still in its infancy with only a small number ...