Predicting pre-drinking in Australian undergraduate students: Applying an integrated model of behaviour
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Introduction and Aims: Pre-drinking (consuming alcohol at a private residence, prior to attending a subsequent event) contributes to excessive alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm. The present study examined the social-cognitive and motivational factors associated with pre-drinking based on an integrated model drawing from self-determination theory, and the theory of planned behaviour. Design and Methods: An online prospective-correlational design was used. Participants (N = 286; 66.4% female) completed measures of past alcohol consumption, autonomous and controlled motivation (self-determination theory); attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, and pre-drinking intentions (theory of planned behaviour) at baseline; then reported pre-drinking frequency at follow-up, four weeks later. Results: The model accounted for 54% of the variance in baseline pre-drinking intentions, and 20% of the variance in pre-drinking frequency at follow-up. Mediation analyses indicated that the effect of autonomous motivation on intentions to pre-drink was partially mediated by attitude and subjective norm. Intention and perceived behaviour al control significantly predicted pre-drinking frequency, however the intention-behaviour relationship was relatively weak.Discussion and Conclusions: Results provide support for the hypothesised model relationships. Autonomous motivation, attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioural control were influential in forming students’ intentions to pre-drink. However, consistent with previous findings, the intention–behaviour relationship remains negligible. Implications for Practice or Policy (optional): Future research should look to non-intentional and volitional processes that may have an effect on pre-drinking in undergraduates. Implications for Translational Research (optional): The importance of post-volitional aspects of behaviour change need to be further explored and addressed to inform interventions aiming to reduce pre-drinking. Disclosure of Interest Statement: This study was completed as part of the principal author’s PhD research programme and was unfunded.
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hagger, M. and Caudwell, K. 2015. Predicting pre-drinking in Australian undergraduate students: Applying an integrated model of behaviour. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. 7 (2): pp. 188-213, which has been published in final form at http://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12044. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving at http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-820227.html#terms
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