Modelling, simulation and real time implementation of a three phase AC to AC matrix converter
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Matrix converters (MCs) are essentially forced commutated cycloconverters with inherent four quadrant operation consisting of a matrix of bidirectional switches such that there is a switch for each possible connection between the input and output lines. Matrix converter directly converts the AC input voltage at any given frequency to AC output voltage with arbitrary amplitude at any unrestricted frequency without the need for a dc link capacitor storage element at the input side.The introduction of bidirectional switches using power transistors and IGBTs made easy realization of the matrix converter. The real development of the matrix converter starts with the work of Venturini and Alesina who proposed a mathematical analysis and introduced the Low-Frequency Modulation Matrix concept to describe the low frequency behavior of the matrix converter [1-3]. In this, the output voltages are obtained by multiplication of the modulation matrix or transfer matrix with the input voltages. One of the essential requirements for switching three phase AC to three phase AC MC is that two or more bidirectional switches connected to any one output phase should NOT be closed simultaneously, as this will cause dangerously high short circuit current. Similarly any one bidirectional switch connected to each output phase should remain closed to provide a current path with inductive load.This thesis mainly provides an account of the three phase AC to three phase AC MC modelling concept with SIMULINK software using fundamental Venturini and Optimum Venturini modulation algorithm [1-8], advanced modulation algorithm such as that proposed by Sunter-Clare [11-12] and by Ned Mohan [13-14, 16-17], application of these algorithms for the Vector control of three phase Induction Motor (IM) drive , real time hardware in the loop simulation [51,54-55] for a three phase AC to single phase AC MC, three phase AC to three phase AC Multilevel MC (MMC) with three [18-19] and six flying capacitors per output phase using PSCAD software (as SIMULINK started shooting trouble), Indirect (ISVM) [25-30] and Direct (DASVM, DSSVM, CZASVM) [31-38] Space Vector Modulation, newly discovered dual programmable AC to DC rectifier concept using three phase AC to three phase AC MC [43-45], Delta-Sigma Modulated MC [46-49] and single phase AC to three phase AC MC .In addition a novel concept of a single phase / three phase AC to single phase / three phase AC converter using a DC link, complementary N and P MOSFETs and IGBTs is presented. A chapter on model verification is also presented where selected SIMULINK models from various chapters have been verified by using either PSCAD or PSIM software. An appendix on PIC microcontroller PIC16F84A application to saw-tooth carrier waveform generation and switching three phase AC to three phase AC converters using a DC link is added. Another appendix on speed control and brake by plugging of three phase induction motor fed by matrix converter is presented. List of publications from this thesis is presented on third appendix.
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