Characterisation of genes derived from murine malignant mesothelioma by suppression subtractive hybridization
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Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is an aggressive tumour, which is highly associated with previous asbestos exposure and is resistant to most conventional anticancer therapies. Previous studies have used a mouse model of to 01 p effective approaches to induction of anti-tumour immunity using modification of tumour cells by the introduction of genetic constructs expressing genes such as that for B7-1 so that tumour growth can be inhibited in vivo. Transfectant clones, AC29 B7-7 and AC29 B7-6, which showed equal levels of expression of B7-1 but were markedly different in tumorigenicity were assessed using suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) in order to isolate transcripts which may have been differentially expressed in the two clones. SSH allowed isolation of a number of cDNAs which were apparently differentially expressed in the cell lines. These required characterisation in order to determine their possible relevance to tumorigenicity. Two cDNAs designated as 7-7-76 and 7-7-43 had been isolated previously and the aim of this project was to characterise these cDNAs by sequencing, searching for their homology relationships and investigating gene expression profiles. Preliminary searches revealed that clone 7-7-43 had homology to cyclin-dependent kinase regulatory subunit 1 which plays a role in the cell cycle. On the other hand, clone 77-76 showed only homology to an EST of hypertension related protein and therefore, further investigation was required to obtain the identity of clone 7-7-76. The first part of this project was to in investigate and evaluate gene expression on clone 7-7-43, using both relative RT-PCR and Northern blotting.' In the second part of this project, a more intense study of clone 7-7-76 was conducted. Clone 7-7-76 was investigated for its homology relationships and its gene expression profile.Results obtained from relative RT-PCR suggested no difference in the expression of the either eDNA clone (7-7-43 and 7-7-76) between the MM clones AC29 B7-6 and AC29 B7-7, the cells used to derive these clones by SSH. Therefore, it was concluded that neither clone 7-7-43 nor 7-7-76 was differentially expressed in MM cells of differing immuno enicit RACE was employed in order to derive a longer sequence of clone 7-7-76 and the newly derived sequence of 7-7-76 was again used to search for homologies using a wider range of sequences for human and other species. These investigations on clone 7-7-76 showed it to correspond to the sequence of human mitofusin 2 which is involved in determining mitochondrial morphology The results determined in this project suggest that clones 7-7-43 and 7-7-76 are not differentially expressed in the range of MM cell lines tested. The data have however highlighted the potential of the SSH technique to easily derive cDNA clones worthy of investigation, but underline the possibility of false positive clones being isolated. The need for an efficient, accurate screening procedure such as real-time PCR is acknowledged.
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