The simultaneous effects of spatial and social networks on cholera transmission
|dc.identifier.citation||Giebultowicz, S. and Ali, M. and Yunus, M. and Emch, M. 2011. The simultaneous effects of spatial and social networks on cholera transmission. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases. 2011.|
This study uses social network and spatial analytical methods simultaneously to understand cholera transmission in rural Bangladesh. Both have been used separately to incorporate context into health studies, but using them together is a new and recent approach. Data include a spatially referenced longitudinal demographic database consisting of approximately 200,000 people and a database of all laboratory-confirmed cholera cases from 1983 to 2003. A complete kinship-based network linking households is created, and distance matrices are also constructed to model spatial relationships. A spatial error-social effects model tested for cholera clustering in socially linked households while accounting for spatial factors. Results show that there was social clustering in five out of twenty-one years while accounting for both known and unknown environmental variables. This suggests that environmental cholera transmission is significant and social networks also influence transmission, but not as consistently. Simultaneous spatial and social network analysis may improve understanding of disease transmission. Copyright © 2011 Sophia Giebultowicz et al.
|dc.title||The simultaneous effects of spatial and social networks on cholera transmission|
|dcterms.source.title||Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases|
|curtin.department||School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine|
|curtin.accessStatus||Open access via publisher|
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