Bibliometric and webometric methods for assessing research collaboration
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Purpose: This paper describes the methods and findings of a pilot study which applied bibliometrics and webometrics to examine collaboration in Malaysian biotechnology. Design/methodology/approach: The research applied bibliometric and webometric methods to publications and websites affiliated with Malaysian institutions. The bibliometric analysis focused on biotechnology-related journal articles indexed in Web of Knowledge. The webometric analysis examined the websites of top biotechnology institutions generated in the bibliometric analysis. Collaboration behaviour was assessed in three ways: intra-institutional vs. inter-institutional; national vs. international collaboration; and by type of institution collaboration according to the triple helix model. Findings: Findings of the pilot study, which applied bibliometric and webometric analyses to a limited sample, indicate that the methodologies will collect the desired data for a more extensive study. Research limitations/implications: The quantitative research results describe the collaboration evident in publications and websites, but not why it has happened in such a way. Practical implications: The methodologies provide a framework for similar research exploring the impacts of collaboration in an e-research environment. The methodology is innovative and practical in terms of the combined use of bibliometric and webometric analyses. Originality/value: This is one of few studies that has examined collaboration using both bibliometric and webometric methods, and elements of the methodology appear to be unique to the study. The methodologies will contribute to an emerging body of literature that explores the nature of research productivity and research collaboration.
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