Optimal Linear Non-Regenerative Multi-Hop MIMO Relays with MMSE-DFE Receiver at the Destination
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In this paper, we study multi-hop non-regenerative multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) relay communications with any number of hops. We design the optimal source precoding matrix and the optimal relay amplifying matrices for such relay network where a nonlinear minimal mean-squarederror (MMSE)-decision feedback equalizer (DFE) is used at the destination node. We first derive the structure of the optimal source and relay matrices. Then based on the link between most commonly used MIMO system design objectives and the diagonal elements of the MSE matrix, we classify the objective functions into two categories: Schur-convex and Schur-concave composite objective functions. We show that when the composite objective function is Schur-convex, the MMSE-DFE receiver together with the optimal source and relay matrices enable an arbitrary number of source symbols to be transmitted at one time, and yield a significantly improved BER performance compared with non-regenerative MIMO relay systems using linear receivers at the destination. We also show that for Schur-concave composite objective functions, the optimal source and relay matrices, and the optimal feed-forward matrix at the destination node jointly diagonalize the multi-hop MIMO relay channel, and thus in such case, the nonlinear MMSE-DFE receiver is essentially equivalent to a linear MMSE receiver.
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