Aristotle's Powers and Responsibility for Nature
MetadataShow full item record
This book brings ancient and modern concepts together to re-assess how to understand the natural world and human obligations to it. It traces the idea of an indwelling, or immanent, motive force within individual organisms back through contemporary thinkers to Spinoza, Hobbes, Descartes, Aquinas, Cicero and, ultimately, to Aristotle. It then asks where value comes from and whether value resides in wholes, such as organisms, or in collections or kinds, such as species or in communities and ecosystems before concluding that value resides originally in each living organism because each is an end-in-itself. Value in such things as communities and ecosystems supervenes on this individual value. To understand that a unique value exists in each living thing, we need to address the question of what it means to be alive. This book provides an answer based in biological phenomenology and the related concept of bio-semiosis. In doing so it identifies three forms of value that hu-mans need to take into account when determining their actions: semiotic niche value; onto-logical niche value (a value correlated with the complexity of an organism); and ecological niche value. If each of these forms of value is taken into account, humans can make better-informed judgements as to how they should treat living things, but, ultimately humans need to acknowledge they have a responsibility to ensure the wellbeing of each organism simply because each is living and has unique value.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Modelling the co-occurence of Streptococcus pneumoniae with other bacterial and viral pathogens in the upper respiratory tractJacoby, P.; Watson, K.; Bowman, J.; Taylor, A.; Riley, T.; Smith, D.; Lehmann, Deborah (2007)Go to ScienceDirect® Home Skip Main Navigation Links Brought to you by: The University of Western Australia Library Login: + Register Athens/Institution Login Not Registered? - User Name: Password: ...
Millett, Stephan (2011)This paper sets out an ethic of responsibility for nature based on Aristotelian biological teleology and the paired notions of bio-phenomenology and biosemiosis. This ethic applies to all living things, including humans. ...
Size exclusion chromatography as a tool for natural organic matter characterisation in drinking water treatmentAllpike, Bradley (2008)Natural organic matter (NOM), ubiquitous in natural water sources, is generated by biogeochemical processes in both the water body and in the surrounding watershed, as well as from the contribution of organic compounds ...