The selective leaching of copper from a gold–copper concentrate in glycine solutions
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The presence of copper minerals with gold is known to lead to many challenges during the cyanidation of gold ores, such as high consumption of cyanide with low gold extraction and undesirable impacts on gold recovery during the downstream processes. An alternative selective leaching process for copper minerals from copper–gold gravity concentrate (3.75% Cu, 11.6% Fe, 11.4%S and 0.213% Au) using alkaline glycine solutions was studied and evaluated. The lixiviant system containing glycine and peroxide showed that total copper dissolution of 98% was obtained in 48 h at ambient conditions and a pH of 10.5–11. The results show that 100% of chalcocite, cuprite, metallic copper, and about 80% of chalcopyrite in the concentrate were also dissolved. Pyrite remained intact during the leaching time and iron concentration in the final pregnant solution was found to be 12 mg/L when copper is solution is at 4745 mg/L, whilst the gold concentration was limited to 0.8 mg/L Au. QEMScan analysis indicated that unleached copper in the leach residue was mostly distributed amongst larger chalcopyrite grains and covellite.The effects of single versus two-stage leaching, pH, oxidant concentration, pulp density and glycine concentration on copper extraction rate and extent were explored
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Gold and copper leaching from gold-copper ores and concentrates using a synergistic lixiviant mixture of glycine and cyanideOraby, E.; Eksteen, Jacques; Tanda, B. (2017)© 2017 Elsevier B.V.The presence of cyanide soluble copper in the cyanidation of gold-copper ores and concentrates significantly increases the cyanide consumption in order to achieve sufficient gold recovery. In addition, ...
Oraby, E.; Eksteen, Jacques (2015)© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Abstract In the cyanidation of copper-gold ores, the presence of copper minerals can lead to soluble gold losses, the production of weak acid dissociable (WAD) cyanide, as well as a number of operational ...
Eksteen, Jacques; Oraby, E.; Tanda, B. (2017)A conceptual flowsheet is proposed and the main processing steps are evaluated for the alkaline processing of chalcopyrite where glycine is the complexing agent. Glycine is utilised in an oxidising, alkaline environment ...