Numerical investigation of the dynamic compressive behaviour of rock materials at high strain rate
MetadataShow full item record
The dynamic compressive strength of rock materials increases with the strain rate. They are usually obtained by conducting laboratory tests such as split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) test or drop-weight test. It is commonly agreed now that the dynamic increase factor (DIF) obtained from impact test is affected by lateral inertia confinement, friction confinement between the specimen and impact materials and the specimen sizes and geometries. Therefore, those derived directly from testing data do not necessarily reflect the true dynamic material properties. The influences of these parameters, however, are not straightforward to be quantified in laboratory tests. Therefore, the empirical DIF relations of rock materials obtained directly from impact tests consist of contributions from lateral inertia and end friction confinements, which need be eliminated to reflect the true dynamic material properties. Moreover, different rocks, such as granite, limestone and tuff have different material parameters, e.g., equation of state (EOS) and strength, which may also affect the DIF of materials but are not explicitly studied in the open literature. In the present study, numerical models of granite, limestone and tuff materials with different EOS and strength under impact loads are developed to simulate SHPB tests and to study the influences of EOS and strength, lateral inertia confinement and end friction confinement effects on their respective DIFs in the strain rate range between 1 and 1,000 s-1. The commercial software AUTODYN with user-provided subroutines is used to perform the numerical simulations of SHPB tests. Numerical simulation results indicate that the lateral inertia confinement, friction confinement and specimen aspect (L/D) ratio significantly influence DIF obtained from impact tests and the inertia confinement effect is different for different rocks. Based on the numerical results, quantifications on the relative contributions from the lateral inertia confinement and the material strain rate effect on DIF of granite, limestone and tuff material compressive strength are made. The effects of friction coefficient, L/D ratio and rock type on DIF are discussed. Empirical relations of DIF with strain rate for the three rock materials representing the true material strain rate effect are also proposed.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Hao, Yifei; Hao, Hong; Li, Z. (2013)The compressive strength of concrete material increases with the strain rate. The dynamic compressive strength of concrete material is usually obtained by conducting laboratory tests such as split Hopkinson pressure bar ...
Numerical Evaluation of the Influence of Aggregates on Concrete Compressive Strength at High Strain RateHao, Y.; Hao, Hong (2011)The dynamic strength of concrete materials is usually obtained by conducting laboratory tests such as drop-weight test or split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) test. It is widely accepted that the uniaxial compressive ...
Numerical analysis of lateral inertial confinement effects on impact test of concrete compressive material propertiesHao, Y.; Hao, Hong; Li, Z. (2010)Dynamic material properties, in particular the dynamic strength, of concrete material are usually obtained by conducting laboratory tests such as drop-weight test and Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) test. It is commonly ...