Physical conditions of the gas in an ALMA [C II]-identified submillimetre galaxy at z = 4.44
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We present 12CO(2–1) observations of the submillimetre galaxy ALESS65.1 performed with the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) at 42.3 GHz. A previous Atacama Large Millimeter Array study of submillimetre galaxies (SMGs) in the Extended Chandra Deep Field South detected [C ii] 157.74 μm emission from this galaxy at a redshift of z = 4.44. No 12CO(2–1) emission was detected but we derive a firm upper limit to the cold gas mass in ALESS65.1 of Mgas<1.7×1010 M☉. The estimated gas depletion time-scale is <50 Myr, which is similar to other high-redshift SMGs, and consistent with z > 4 SMGs being the likely progenitors of massive red-and-dead galaxies at z > 2. The ratio of the [C ii], 12CO and far-infrared luminosities implies a strong far-ultraviolet field of G0 ≳ 103, as seen in Galactic star-forming regions or local ultraluminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs). The observed L[CII]/LFIR=2.3×10−3 is high compared to local ULIRGs and, combined with L[CII]/LC~>2700, it is consistent with ALESS65.1 either having an extended (several kpc) [C ii] emitting region or lower than solar metallicity.
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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