Electromechanical finite element modelling for dynamic analysis of a cantilevered piezoelectric energy harvester with tip mass offset under base excitations
MetadataShow full item record
This is an author-created, un-copy edited version of an article accepted for publication in Smart Materials and Structures. The publisher is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at http://doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/23/9/095037
A new electromechanical finite element modelling of a vibration power harvester and its validation with experimental studies are presented in this paper. The new contributions for modelling the electromechanical finite element piezoelectric unimorph beam with tip mass offset under base excitation encompass five major solution techniques. These include the electromechanical discretization, kinematic equations, coupled field equations, Lagrangian electromechanical dynamic equations, and orthonormalised global matrix and scalar forms of electromechanical finite element dynamic equations. Such techniques have not been rigorously modelled previously by other researchers. There are also benefits to presenting the numerical techniques proposed in this paper. First, the proposed numerical techniques can be used for Q1 applications in many different geometrical models, including MEMS power harvesting devices. Second, applying tip mass offset located after the end of the piezoelectric beam length can result in a very practical design, which avoids direct contact with piezoelectric material because of its brittle nature.Since the surfaces of actual piezoelectric material are covered evenly with thin conducting electrodes for generating single voltage, we introduce the new electromechanical discretization, consisting of the mechanical and electrical discretised elements. Moreover, the reduced electromechanical finite element dynamic equations can be further formulated to obtain the series form of new multimode electromechanical frequency response functions (FRFs) of the displacement, velocity, voltage, current, and power, including optimal power harvesting. The normalized numerical strain node and eigenmode shapes are also further formulated using numerical discretization. Finally, the parametric numerical case studies of the piezoelectric unimorph beam under a resistive shunt circuit show good agreement with the experimental studies.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Comparative Numerical Studies of Electromechanical Finite Element Vibration Power Harvester Approaches of a Piezoelectric UnimorphEziwarman, Eziwarman; Lumentut, Mikail; Howard, Ian (2014)Emerging micro-power harvester research using smart material components shows viable self-powered devices capable of capturing mechanical motion and converting it into useful electrical energy that can be further used to ...
Lumentut, M.; Howard, Ian (2017)This paper discusses, compares and contrasts two important techniques for formulating the electromechanical piezoelectric equations for power harvesting system applications. It presents important additions to existing ...
A unified electromechanical finite element dynamic analysis of multiple segmented smart plate energy harvesters: circuit connection patternsLumentut, Mikail; Shu, Y. (2018)This paper presents the techniques for formulating the multiple segmented smart plate structures with different circuit connection patterns using the electromechanical finite element dynamic analysis. There are three major ...