Attitudes to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender parents seeking health care for their children in two early parenting services in Australia
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Aims and objectives. To examine the attitudes to and knowledge and beliefs about homosexuality of nurses and allied professionals in two early parenting services in Australia. Background. Early parenting services employ nurses and allied professionals. Access and inclusion policies are important in community health and early child- hood service settings. However, little is known about the perceptions of professionals who work within early parenting services in relation to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender families. Design. This is the ﬁnal in a series of studies and was undertaken in two early parenting services in two states in Australia using a cross-sectional design with quantitative and qualitative approaches. Methods. Validated questionnaires were completed by 51 nurses and allied professionals and tested with chi-squared test of independence (or Fisher’s exact test), Mann–Whitney U-test, Kruskal–Wallis one-way analysis of variance or Spear- man’s rank correlation. Thematic analysis examined qualitative data collected in a box for free comments. Results. Of the constructs measured by the questionnaires, no signiﬁcant relation- ships were found in knowledge, attitude and gay afﬁrmative practice scores by sociodemographic variables or professional group. However, attitude scores towards lesbians and gay men were signiﬁcantly negatively affected by conservative political afﬁliation (p = 0.038), held religious beliefs (p = 0.011) and frequency of praying (p = 0.018). Six overall themes were found as follows: respect, parenting role, implications for the child, management, disclosure, resources and training.
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