Medication Management of Adult Patients Admitted to Hospital with Epilepsy, Seizure or Convulsion
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Background: An inpatient medication chart review at the Gold Coast Hospital identified shortcomings with the prescribing and monitoring of antiepileptic medications. Aim: To evaluate medication management of patients with epilepsy, seizure or convulsion; to map their transition through the health system; and to identify lifestyle behaviours that may lead to overt risks for seizure occurrence. Method: A retrospective observational audit of adult patients (16 years and over) admitted to hospital with a diagnosis of epilepsy, seizure or convulsion from 1 to 31 January 2012. Results: Majority of the 62 episodes of care investigated involved patients who were discharged directly from the ED (68%). Only 30% of all patients discharged from an inpatient unit received a discharge medication record from a pharmacist. Non-adherence with antiepileptic medications, alcohol and/or recreational drug use and prescription medication misuse were identified as overt risks for seizure occurrence. Conclusion: Valuable insights were gained into the management of seizure patients. The role of the ED pharmacist was reviewed to focus on high-risk seizure patients. An increase in the provision of discharge medication records and patient education on the overt risks for seizure occurrence is needed.
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