Experimental investigation of ultra-high performance concrete slabs under contact explosions
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Unlike ductile behaviour under static loads, a reinforced concrete structure can respond in a brittle manner with highly localised damage like concrete spalling, cratering and reinforcement rupturing under close-in or contact explosions. High speed fragmentation resulting from concrete spall may cause severe casualties and injuries. It is therefore important to have a better understanding of the concrete spall phenomena and fragments distribution. In the present study, contact explosion tests were carried out on concrete slabs to observe the concrete crater and spall damage. Seven slabs including two control specimens made of normal strength concrete (NRC) and five ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) slabs are tested. The superior blast resistance capacity of UHPC slabs is verified through comparison against NRC slabs. The influence of longitudinal reinforcement spacing and slab depth on the spall resistance of UHPC slabs is investigated. Predictions through available empirical methods are made and compared with the test observations. The accuracy of these empirical methods is discussed. All fragments resulting from the contact blast tests are collected and analysed through sieve analysis. It is found that Weibull distribution can be used to model the fragments size distribution of NRC slabs while Log-normal distribution better models the fragments size distribution of UHPC slabs.
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