The ins and outs of injection in Western Australia
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Hepatitis C is now the most commonly reported infectious disease in Australia and more than 90% of all infections are the result of injecting drug use. Efforts in Australia to reduce the transmission of this virus among injecting populations have largely been unsuccessful, although there is some evidence that incidence and prevalence rates in this country are declining. While the sharing of needles and syringes probably remains the risk of highest magnitude, the sharing of other equipment, the receiving or giving of injections and other practices involved in the injection of drugs are also implicated in the transmission of hepatitis C. This paper reports the findings from an in-depth examination of the act of injection using a recorded observation method. The findings indicate that there are multiple opportunities throughout the process of injection which could contribute to transmission. In particular, the degree of physical contact between those injecting contributes to the risk of contact with possibly infected blood. The implications of these findings on the design of prevention material are discussed.
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Perceptions of risk and safety within injection settings: Injection drug users' reasons for attending a supervised injecting facility in Vancouver, CanadaSmall, W.; Moore, David; Shoveller, J.; Wood, E.; Kerr, T. (2012)The settings where drugs are injected represent a crucial dimension in the social structural production of drug-related harm. While the use of supervised injecting facilities has been associated with reductions in ...
Chan, Harriet S. C. (2000)Injection site-pain and bruising are common side effects of subcutaneous heparin injections. These adverse outcomes are problematic for both the patient and the nurse. Specifically, site-pain causes the patient discomfort ...
Impact of injection scenario on CO<inf>2</inf> leakage and CO<inf>2</inf> trapping capacity in homogeneous reservoirsAl-Khdheeawi, E.; Vialle, Stephanie; Barifcani, Ahmed; Sarmadivaleh, Mohammad; Iglauer, Stefan (2018)© 2018, Offshore Technology Conference. The impact of different injection scenarios on the vertical CO2 leakage and on the capacity of CO2 storage in homogeneous reservoirs has been systematically investigated by comparing ...