Factors relating to perioperative experience of older persons undergoing joint replacement surgery: an integrative literature review
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Purpose: The purpose of this literature review was to examine factors relating to the perioperative experience of older persons undergoing total hip and knee replacement surgery resulting from osteoarthritis. Method: A literature search was undertaken using databases CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science to provide relevant research articles. Articles were included if they examined the factors relating to the HRQOL, QOL and perioperative experience of older persons undergoing joint replacement surgery resulting from osteoarthritis. The use of Joanna Briggs Institute’s critical appraisal checklist facilitated a systematic appraisal of studies with regard to the scientific rigor of the studies. Results: Twenty-two publications were categorized into one main theme: ‘‘factors relating to perioperative experience’’ subcategorized into eight subthemes: ‘‘waiting time’’, ‘‘pain and disability’’, ‘‘mental health ’’,‘‘race/ethnicity, age and gender’’, ‘‘body image’’, ‘‘coping and social support’’, ‘‘patient education’’ and ‘‘care continuity’’. Conclusion: There is a need to conduct further research to examine the perioperative experience of older persons undergoing joint replacement surgery, in particular, the lived perioperative experience of a diverse race, ethnicity and culture in an Asian population.
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