Stress dependency of elastic properties of shales: the effect of uniaxial stress
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Understanding seismic anisotropy in shales is important for quantitative interpretation of seismic data, 4D monitoring and pore pressure prediction. Along with intrinsic anisotropy caused by preferred mineral orientation that is common in shales, anisotropic stress is an important factor that affects shale elastic response. While variations of elastic coefficients with anisotropic stress have been the subject of experimental studies, theoretical insight is still largely lacking. Here we suggest a new model that allows parameterization of the stress dependency of elastic coefficients of shales under anisotropic stress conditions. We show that the parameterization requires four parameters, namely, specific tangential compliance of a single crack, the ratio of normal to tangential compliances, characteristic pressure and a crack orientation anisotropy parameter. These parameters can be estimated from experimentally measured stress sensitivity of elastic coefficients in shales to isotropic stress.
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