Visual search for schematic emotional faces: Angry faces are more than crosses
MetadataShow full item record
Recent studies of the face in the crowd effect, the faster detection of angry than of happy faces in visual search, suggest that for schematic faces it reflects on perceptual features like inward pointing lines rather than on emotional expressions. Removing a potential confound, Experiments 12 replicate the preferential detection of stimuli with inward pointing lines, but Experiment 2a indicates that a surrounding circle is required for the effect to emerge. Experiments 37 failed to find evidence for faster detection of schematic faces comprising only the elements critical for the faster detection of angry faces according to a low level visual feature account, inward tilted brows and upturned mouth. Faster detection of anger was evident if eyes or eyes and noses were added, but only if their placement was consistent with the first order relations among these elements in a human face. Drawing the critical elements in thicker, higher contrast lines also led to an anger advantage, but this was smaller than that seen for the complete faces. The present results suggest that, while able to support faster target detection, a prevalence of inward pointing lines is not sufficient to explain the detection advantage of angry schematic faces.
This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in the Cognition and Emotion, 2013, copyright Taylor & Francis, available online at: <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/">http://www.tandfonline.com/</a>. <a href="http://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2013.809331">http://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2013.809331</a>
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Waters, A.; Lipp, Ottmar (2008)The ability to rapidly detect facial expressions of anger and threat over other salient expressions has adaptive value across the lifespan. Although studies have demonstrated this threat superiority effect in adults, ...
Lipp, Ottmar; Price, S.; Tellegen, C. (2009)The decrease in recognition performance after face inversion has been taken to suggest that faces are processed holistically. Three experiments, 1 with schematic and 2 with photographic faces, were conducted to assess ...
Different Faces in the Crowd: A Happiness Superiority Effect for Schematic Faces in Heterogeneous BackgroundsCraig, B.; Becker, S.; Lipp, Ottmar (2014)Recently, D.V. Becker, Anderson, Mortensen, Neufeld, and Neel (2011) proposed recommendations to avoid methodological confounds in visual search studies using emotional photographic faces. These confounds were argued to ...