Closing the intention-behaviour gap for sunscreen use and sun protection behaviours
MetadataShow full item record
This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Psychology & Health (2013), copyright Taylor & Francis, available online at: <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/08870446.2012.745935">http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/08870446.2012.745935</a>
Objective: Two studies were conducted with the aim of closing the intention– behaviour gap for sunscreen use and sun protection behaviours by examining the influence of self-regulatory capacity on the prediction of sunscreen use (Study 1) and self-regulatory capacity and habit on sun protection behaviours (Study 2). Design: Studies were conducted online. Participants completed questionnaires and cognitive measures and then reported behaviour one week later. Main Outcome Measures: Questionnaires measuring intention and cognitive tasks measuring self-regulatory capacity were administered to 209 university students. One week later, participants reported behaviour. In Study 2, questionnaires measuring intentions, and habit and cognitive tasks measuring selfregulatory capacity were administered to 178 university students who reported behaviour one week later. Results: Intention accounted for 7.1% of variance in sunscreen use, no measures of self-regulation accounted for variance in behaviour or moderated the intention–behaviour gap (Study 1). Intention, self-regulatory capacity and habit accounted for 56.1% of variance in sun protection behaviours (Study 2). Intention, self-regulatory ability and habit predicted behaviour, while habit moderated the intention–behaviour gap. Conclusion: Interventions aimed at increasing sun protection behaviours should take into account level of intention, self-regulatory capacity and habit. Individuals may benefit from habit formation strategies and self-regulation training.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Sleep hygiene behaviours: An application of the theory of planned behaviour and the investigation of perceived autonomy support, past behaviour and response inhibitionKor, K.; Mullan, Barbara (2011)This study investigated the sleep hygiene behaviour of university students within the framework of the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB [Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human ...
Allom, Vanessa; Mullan, Barbara (2012)The aim of this study is to examine the determinants of fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption with the application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and the additional variables of self-schema, habit and self-regulation. ...
Developing self-regulation for dietary temptations: intervention effects on physical, self-regulatory and psychological outcomesMcKee, H.; Ntoumanis, Nikos (2014)We aimed to investigate whether a self-regulatory skills intervention can improve weight loss-related outcomes. Fifty-five participants (M BMI = 32.60 ± 4.86) were randomized into self-regulation training and advice groups ...