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dc.contributor.authorMallan, K.
dc.contributor.authorSax, J.
dc.contributor.authorLipp, Ottmar
dc.identifier.citationMallan, K. and Sax, J. and Lipp, O. 2009. Verbal instruction abolishes fear conditioned to racial out-group faces. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 45 (6): pp. 1303-1307.

Previous research has shown resistance to extinction of fear conditioned to racial out-group faces, suggesting that these stimuli may be subject to prepared fear learning. The current study replicated and extended previous research by using a different racial out-group, and testing the prediction that prepared fear learning is unaffected by verbal instructions. Four groups of Caucasian participants were trained with male in-group (Caucasian) or out-group (Chinese) faces as conditional stimuli; one paired with an electro-tactile shock (CS+) and one presented alone (CS-). Before extinction, half the participants were instructed that no more shocks would be presented. Fear conditioning, indexed by larger electrodermal responses to, and blink startle modulation during the CS+, occurred during acquisition in all groups. Resistance to extinction of fear learning was found only in the racial out-group, no instruction condition. Fear conditioned to a racial out-group face was reduced following verbal instructions, contrary to predictions for the nature of prepared fear learning. Crown Copyright © 2009.

dc.publisherAcademic Press
dc.titleVerbal instruction abolishes fear conditioned to racial out-group faces
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
curtin.departmentSchool of Psychology and Speech Pathology
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available

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