Comparison of thermal stability in MAX211 and 312 phases
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The susceptibility of four MAX phases (Ti2AlC, Cr2AlC, Ti3AlC2, and Ti3SiC2) to high-temperature thermal dissociation in vacuum has been investigated using in-situ neutron diffraction. In high vacuum, these phases decomposed above 1400°C through the sublimation of M and A elements, forming a surface coating of MC. The apparent activation energies for the decomposition of sintered Ti3SiC2, Ti3AlC2, and Ti2AlC were determined to be 179.3, -71.9, and 85.7 kJ mol−1, respectively. The spontaneous release of Ti2AlC and TiC from de-intercalation during decomposition of Ti3AlC2 resulted in a negative activation energy.
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