Reaction pathways for pyridine adsorption on silicon (0 0 1)
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Density functional theory is used to describe the reactions of chemisorption of pyridine on the silicon (0 0 1) surface. Adsorption energies of six relevant structures, and the activation energies between them are reported. We consider in detail the dative to tight-bridge transition for which conflicting results have been reported in the literature, and provide a description of the formation of inter-row chains observed in high-coverage experiments. We demonstrate that the choice of DFT functional has a considerable effect on the relative energetics and of the four DFT functionals considered, we find that the range-separated hybrid ωB97X-D functional with empirical dispersion provides the most consistent description of the experiment data.
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