Mental toughness in sport: Motivational antecedents and associations with performance and psychological health
MetadataShow full item record
We argue that basic psychological needs theory (BPNT) offers impetus to the value of mental toughness as a mechanism for optimizing human functioning. We hypothesized that psychological needs satisfaction (thwarting) would be associated with higher (lower) levels of mental toughness, positive affect, and performance and lower (higher) levels of negative affect. We also expected that mental toughness would be associated with higher levels of positive affect and performance and lower levels of negative affect. Further, we predicted that coaching environments would be related to mental toughness indirectly through psychological needs and those psychological needs would indirectly relate with performance and affect through mental toughness. Adolescent cross-country runners (136 male and 85 female, Mage = 14.36) completed questionnaires pertaining to BPNT variables, mental toughness, and affect. Race times were also collected. Our findings supported our hypotheses. We concluded that BPNT is generative in understanding some of the antecedents and consequences of mental toughness and is a novel framework useful for understanding mental toughness.
Copyright © 2014 Human Kinetics. as accepted for publication
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Gucciardi, Daniel; Jackson, B.; Hanton, S.; Reid, M. (2015)Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine motivational correlates of mentally tough behaviours among adolescent tennis players. Design: Two-phase study, involving the development of an informant-rated measure ...
Beyond optimal performance: Mental toughness profiles and indicators of developmental success in adolescent cricketersGucciardi, Daniel; Jones, M. (2012)The purposes of the current study were to identify mental toughness profiles in adolescent cricketers and examine differences between these profiles on developmental assets and negative emotional states. A sample of 226 ...
Measuring mental toughness in sport: A psychometric examination of the Psychological Performance Inventory-A and its predecessorGucciardi, Daniel (2012)Touted as a multidimensional measure of mental toughness in sport, this study explored the psychometric properties of the Psychological Performance Inventory (PPI; Loehr, 1986) and its successor the Psychological Performance ...