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dc.contributor.authorPitt, Mark
dc.contributor.authorPaskevicius, Mark
dc.contributor.authorWebb, C.
dc.contributor.authorSorby, M.
dc.contributor.authorDelleda, S.
dc.contributor.authorJensen, T.
dc.contributor.authorHauback, B.
dc.contributor.authorBuckley, Craig
dc.contributor.authorGray, E.
dc.identifier.citationPitt, M.P. and Paskevicius, M. and Webb, C.J. and Sorby, M.H. and Delleda, S. and Jensen, T.R. and Hauback, B.C. and Buckley, C.E. and Gray, E.MacA. 2011. Nanoscopic Al(1-x)Ce(x) phases in the NaH + Al + 0.02CeCl(3) system. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 36: pp. 8403-8411.

The NaH + Al + 0.02CeCl3 system has been studied by high-resolution X-ray synchrotron diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), after planetary milling under hydrogen and hydrogen (H) cycling. Isothermal absorption kinetics were determined at 150 °C, and compared with the NaH + Al + 0.02TiCl3 system, indicating that CeCl3 and TiCl3 are equally effective additives, with CeCl3 preferred on the basis of hydrogen storage capacity. After milling, AlCe contains 100% of the Ce. After the first H absorption, we observe two Al1-xCex phases. The first, AlCe, contains ca. 60% of the originally added Ce atoms. The AlCe phase observed after milling and H cycling is chemically disordered, with complete exchange between the Al and Ce sublattices occurring, yielding zero intensity in ordering reflections such as (100). In the absorbed state after H cycling, the remaining 40% of Ce atoms are contained in a cubic Al1-xCex phase not previously observed in the Al-Ce phase diagram. Indexing yields a primitive cubic unit cell of dimension 7.7111 A°, in space group P23. Lineshape analysis indicates the AlCe and unknown cubic Al1-xCex phases are ca. 35 nm and 30 nm in dimension respectively. High resolution TEM imaging confirms that both Al1-xCex phases are embedded on the NaAlH4 surface, and localised energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) indicates a ca. 2:1 Al:Ce ratio for the unknown cubic Al1-xCex phase.

dc.publisherElsevier Ltd
dc.subjectMechanical milling
dc.subjectSynchrotron radiation
dc.subject- Hydrogen storage
dc.subjectAluminium alloys
dc.subjectNanocrystalline materials
dc.titleNanoscopic Al(1-x)Ce(x) phases in the NaH + Al + 0.02CeCl(3) system
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
curtin.departmentDepartment of Imaging and Applied Physics
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available

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