Social psychological dynamics of enhanced HIV risk reduction among peer interventionists
MetadataShow full item record
The authors present a model of interactive social psychological and relational feedback processes leading to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk reduction behavior change among active drug users trained as Peer Health Advocates (PHAs). The model is supported by data from qualitative interviews with PHAs and members of their drug-using networks in the Risk Avoidance Partnership (RAP) project. Results suggest three mutually reinforcing social psychological processes that motivate PHAs to provide HIV prevention intervention to their peers and to reduce their own risk behaviors: development of a prosocial identity, positive social reinforcement from drug users and community members, and cognitive dissonance associated with continued risk behavior while engaging in health advocacy. These processes directly influence peer interventionists' motivation and efficacy to continue giving intervention to their peers, and to reduce their HIV risk behaviors. The authors discuss implications of the model for continued research on effective HIV prevention in high-risk groups. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Lobo, Roanna C. (2012)The aim of this research study was to develop a theory-based and practice-based evaluation framework and evaluation approaches for peer-based youth programs (such as drop-in spaces and after school programs) which target ...
Everyday psychological functioning in children with unilateral cerebral palsy: Does executive functioning play a role?Whittingham, K.; Bodimeade, H.; Lloyd, O.; Boyd, Roslyn (2014)Aim: To identify whether executive functioning mediates the effect of having unilateral cerebral palsy (CP) on executive functioning in everyday life, psychological functioning, and social functioning. Method: A cross-sectional ...
HIV, other blood-borne viruses and sexually transmitted infections amongst expatriates and travellers to low- and middle-income countries: A systematic reviewCrawford, Gemma; Lobo, R.; Brown, G.; Macri, C.; Smith, H.; Maycock, B. (2016)In some high-income countries, a proportion of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), other blood-borne virus (BBV) or sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnoses have been reported as acquired overseas in low- and ...