Low and High Voltage Ride-Through DFIG Wind Turbines Using Hybrid Current Controlled Converters
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Doubly fed induction generators have been recognized as the dominant technology used in wind generation systems. However, this type of wind generator is very sensitive to the drop/rise in the supply voltage and without efficient “ride-through” strategy, continuous operation of DFIG may fail due to destructive overcurrents in the rotor winding or large overvoltages in the dc-link capacitor. This paper introduces a hybrid current control scheme, implemented in the rotor-side and grid-side converters of DFIG, to enhance low and high voltage ride-through capacities of DFIG-based wind turbines. The proposed control scheme is constituted of two switching strategies integrated with a supervisory control unit: standard PI current controllers for normal operating conditions and vector-based hysteresis current controllers for DFIG protection during severe voltage sag/swell conditions. Time-domain simulation studies are carried out to examine the effectiveness of the proposed ride-through strategy under various types of grid disturbances. It is shown that the proposed controller constrains the rotor current and dc-link voltage within the safety limits of DFIG and as a result, the wind generator can comply with the strict low/high voltage ride-through requirements stipulated by modern grid codes.
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