Nomenclature of sp2 carbon nanoforms
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Carbon’s versatile bonding has resulted in the discovery of a bewildering variety of nanoforms which urgently need a systematic and standard nomenclature . Besides fullerenes, nanotubes and graphene, research teams around the globe now produce a plethora of carbon-based nanoforms such as ‘bamboo’ tubes, ‘herringbone’ and ‘bell’ structures. Each discovery duly gains a new, sometimes whimsical, name, often with its discoverer unaware that the same nanoform has already been reported several times but with different names (for example the nanoform in Fig. 1h is in different publications referred to as ‘bamboo’ , ‘herringbone-bamboo’ , ‘stacked-cups’  and ‘stacked-cones’ ). In addition, a single name is often used to refer to completely different carbon nanoforms (for example, the ‘bamboo’ structure in  is notably different from ‘bamboo’ in ). The result is a confusing overabundance of names which makes literature searches and an objective comparison of results extremely difficult, if not impossible.
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Carbon. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Carbon [VOL 50, ISSUE 3, March 2012] DOI 10.1016/j.carbon.2011.11.002
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