The oral health of street-recruited injecting drug users: Prevalence and correlates of problems
MetadataShow full item record
Aims: To examine the effects of a series of injecting drug users' (IDU) characteristics and drug use behaviours upon the self-reported oral health of a sample of IDU. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: Melbourne, Australia. Participants: A total of 285 IDU recruited through needle and syringe programmes, snowballing and outreach across six sites. Measurements: Structured survey that collected information on current drug use patterns, self-reported blood-borne virus status and general health factors, including open-ended questions on past-year dental health problems. Findings: Sixty-eight per cent of the sample reported dental problems that were commonly severe and caused dental pain. Despite these reported problems, almost half the sample had not visited the dentist in the 12 months prior to the survey. Participants who were older, and reported homelessness, not eating every day and more common injection of amphetamines rather than heroin in the previous month, were more likely to report having a past-year dental problem. Conclusions: Dental problems in IDUs are common but few receive treatment. Further, those using amphetamines, with poor housing, hygiene and poor nutrition, are most at risk. Programmes designed to improve the oral health of IDU need to be developed and implemented in a manner amenable to the varying social circumstances of this marginalized group in the community. © 2008 The Authors.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Joshua, Isaac B. (2003)Malaria is more prevalent today and the death toll is on the increase annually. It is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and most of these deaths are in the poorest regions of the world. About ...
Sharp, Jennifer Ann (2010)Illicit drug use is a major public health problem with women who use illicit drugs being one of the most marginalised minority groups in our society. In Australia, the most commonly used illicit drug is marijuana/cannabis, ...
Beatty, Shelley Ellen (2003)The long-term regular use of tobacco and hazardous alcohol use are responsible for significant mortality and morbidity as well as social and economic harm in Australia each year. There is necessary the more cost-efficient ...