Initiation of the Indosinian Orogeny in South China: Evidence for a Permian Magmatic Arc on Hainan Island
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It has been widely accepted that an active continental margin existed along the coast of Southeast China during the Mesozoic time that produced extensive magmatism in the region. However, there is little constraint as to when this active margin was first initiated. Here we present new SHRIMP U-Pb zircon ages and geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic data for syntectonic granites on Hainan Island. Our data demonstrate that these rocks, dated at 267-262 Ma, are typical of calc-alkaline I-type granites formed in continental arc environments. The age of this magmatic arc coincides with a sudden change in sedimentary environments in South China during the Permian time, suggesting that the South China Indosinian Orogeny was likely contemporaneous with the onset of continental arc magmatism.
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