An Optimal Transmission Congestion Management in Open Power Markets
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Congestion cost allocation is an important issue in congestion management. This paper presents a genetic algorithm (GA) to determine the optimal generation levels in a deregulated market. The main issue is congestion in lines, which limits transfer capability of a system with available generation capacity. Nodal pricing method is used to determine locational marginal price (LMP) of each generator at each bus. Simulation results based on the proposed GA and the Power World Simulator software are presented and compared for 3-bus and 5-bus test systems.
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