Developing a mobile learning conceptual model for universities in Pakistan
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Mobile learning involves using mobile devices as learning tools and accessing learning resources outside an academic institution's premises to allow the learning process to be more dynamic, flexible and collaborative; it has been theorised, applied and trialed mainly in the USA, UK, Europe and Australia. Trials and pilots in developed countries have shown encouraging results and acceptance of mobile learning by teachers and students in many universities which indicates great potential for the researchers to take further initiatives in mobile learning. In spite of the advancement in mobile technologies, developing countries like Pakistan have not received the attention of researchers with respect to experimentation and conceptualisation of mobile learning.Thus, the current research aims the key stakeholders in universities to experiment with features of mobile learning in teaching and learning for the future. Futhermore, the Pakistani universities could use the proposed mobile learning conceptual model as a guideline to upgrade their ICTs to enrich the existing learning paradigms with the flexibility and interactivity offered by mobile learning. At a further stage of the research, the proposed mobile learning conceptual model will be enriched by collecting data through focus groups of students and teachers in universities followed by individual interviews with key stakeholders in selected universities in Pakistan.
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