Visible light responsive titania photocatalysts codoped by nitrogen and metal (Fe, Ni, Ag, or Pt) for remediation of aqueous pollutants
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NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Chemical Engineering Journal. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published Chemical Engineering Journal, Volume 231, September 2013, Pages 18–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.07.019
Various cation and nitrogen doped and codoped TiO2 photocatalysts, such as N–TiO2, Pt–TiO2, N–Fe–TiO2, N–Ni–TiO2, N–Ag–TiO2 and N–Pt–TiO2, were prepared by an acid-catalysed sol–gel process. The photocatalysts were characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherms, UV–visible diffuse reflectance absorption spectroscopy (UV–vis DRS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The activities of the photocatalysts were evaluated in photodegradation of phenol solutions under simulated sunlight irradiations. A negative effect of some transition metals (iron and nickel) onphotocatalysis was observed on N-metal codoped TiO2, while enhancements in photocatalysis from noble metals (silver and platinum) were obtained. N–Pt codoped TiO2 showed a higher activity under UV–vis irradiations than Degussa P25, with an enhancement of 5.9 times higher. The synergistic effect of N–Pt-codoping was ascribed to the multivalent states of platinum. In addition, photocatalytic activity of N-, Pt-doped and N–Pt-codoped materials were further investigated under visible light irradiations with lambda > 430 nm and lambda > 490 nm. This study therefore demonstrated a promising strategy for design of highly efficient photocatalysts for remediation of aqueous pollutants.
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