Why mineral interfaces matter
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Throughout Earth, rocks respond to changing physical and chemical conditions by converting one rock type to another. These conversions have conventionally been described in terms of solid-state mechanisms, in which new minerals nucleate and grow through exchange of elements by diffusion. The slow rates of solid-state diffusion suggested geological time scales for these processes. However, rocks in Earth's crust are not dry (1), and even very low concentrations of aqueous solutions can increase reaction rates substantially (2). In the presence of a fluid phase, mineral conversions turn out to proceed not via solid-state diffusion but through dissolution and recrystallization at the mineral-fluid interface (3). Well beyond mineralogy, these insights may prove useful in developing new methods of materials synthesis, for carbon removal from the atmosphere, and for safe nuclear waste storage.
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Overprinting mineralization in the Paleozoic Yandong porphyry copper deposit, Eastern Tianshan, NW China-Evidence from geology, fluid inclusions and geochronologyWang, Y.; Chen, H.; Xiao, B.; Han, J.; Fang, J.; Yang, J.; Jourdan, Fred (2016)The Yandong porphyry copper deposit is located in the southern part of the Dananhu-Tousuquan Island Arc belt in Eastern Tianshan (Xinjiang, NW China). The Dananhu-Tousuquan belt contains a number of large and medium Cu ...
Structural and geochronological studies on the Liba goldfield of the West Qinling Orogen, Central ChinaZeng, Qing-Tao; McCuaig, T; Hart, Craig; Jourdan, Fred; Muhling, Janet; Bagas, Leon (2012)The Liba goldfield, located to the northeast of the Zhongchuan Granite in the West Qinling Orogen (WQO) of mainland China, contains the largest known gold resource of 2.8 Moz in the Zhongchuan area. Devonian metasedimentary ...
Contrasting mineralogical and processing potential of two mineralization types in the platinum group element and Ni-bearing Kapalagulu Intrusion, western TanzaniaCabri, L.; Wilhelmij, H.; Eksteen, Jacques (2017)© 2017 Elsevier B.V. The Kapalagulu layered ultramafic and mafic intrusion is emplaced between the Paleoproterozoic Ubendian basement and overlying Neoproterozoic Itiaso Group metasedimentary rocks, located near the western ...