The influence of social category cues on the happy categorisation advantage depends on expression valence
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Facial race and sex cues can influence the magnitude of the happy categorisation advantage. It has been proposed that implicit race or sex based evaluations drive this influence. Within this account a uniform influence of social category cues on the happy categorisation advantage should be observed for all negative expressions. Support has been shown with angry and sad expressions but evidence to the contrary has been found for fearful expressions. To determine the generality of the evaluative congruence account, participants categorised happiness with either sadness, fear, or surprise displayed on White male as well as White female, Black male, or Black female faces across three experiments. Faster categorisation of happy than negative expressions was observed for female faces when presented among White male faces, and for White male faces when presented among Black male faces. These results support the evaluative congruence account when both positive and negative expressions are presented.
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Facial age cues and emotional expression interact asymmetrically: age cues moderate emotion categorisationCraig, B.; Lipp, Ottmar (2017)© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis GroupFacial attributes such as race, sex, and age can interact with emotional expressions; however, only a couple of studies have investigated the nature of the ...
Craig, B.; Lipp, Ottmar (2016)The speed of recognizing facial expressions of emotion is influenced by a range of factors including other concurrently present facial attributes, like a person's sex. Typically, when participants categorize happy and ...
Lipp, Ottmar; Craig, B.; Dat, M. (2015)Happy faces are categorized faster as “happy” than angry faces as “angry,” the happy face advantage. Here, we show across three experiments that the size of the happy face advantage for male Caucasian faces varies as a ...