The discovery of 2-hydroxymethyl-3-(3-methylbutyl)-5-methylpyrazine: A semiochemical in orchid pollination
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Drakaea livida (Orchidaceae) is pollinated by sexual deception of the wasp Zaspilothynnus nigripes (Thynnidae). It is shown that the orchid emits the same compound, 2-hydroxymethyl-3-(3-methylbutyl)-5-methylpyrazine, that females emit when calling for mates. This novel pyrazine was isolated and identified by GC-EAD and GC-MS and confirmed by synthesis. This compound may represent the first known case of pyrazines as sex pheromones in Hymenoptera.