Geochronological constraints on nickel metallogeny in the Lake Johnston belt, Southern Cross Domain
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Geochronology and stratigraphic revision of the Lake Johnston greenstone belt and adjacent granitoids and granitic gneiss provide new insight into the age of komatiites in the Southern Cross Domain of the Archean Yilgarn Craton. Roundtop Komatiites are geochemically similar to undated komatiites in the adjacent Ravensthorpe and Southern Cross—Forrestania greenstone belts, and the results can be extrapolated to improve the regional understanding and geodynamic evolution. Consequently, the further refined knowledge of the regional stratigraphy improves the understanding of the evolution and targeting of komatiite-hosted nickel deposits. A minimum age of ca 2773 Ma for the succession of the Lake Johnston greenstone belt is provided by crosscutting granitic rocks, with a maximum age for the underlying Roundtop Komatiite given by a maximum depositional age of ca 2876 Ma for felsic volcaniclastic rocks of the underlying Honman Formation. These new results suggest that komatiites of the Southern Cross Domain are significantly younger than previously assumed, which has implications for Yilgarn-wide geodynamic models regarding ‘plume activity’ and global correlations in the Meso- to Neoarchean.
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