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dc.contributor.authorRobinson, M.
dc.contributor.authorSuarez-Martinez, Irene
dc.contributor.authorMarks, Nigel
dc.identifier.citationRobinson, M. and Suarez-Martinez, I. and Marks, N.A. 2013. Generalized method for constructing the atomic coordinates of nanotube caps. Physical Review B. 87 (15): pp. 155430-1-155430-8.

A practical numerical method for the rapid construction of nanotube caps is proposed. Founded upon the notion of lattice duality, the algorithm considers the face dual representation of a given nanotube which is used to solve an energy minimization problem analogous to The Thomson Problem. Not only does this produce caps for nanotubes of arbitrary chirality, but the caps generated will be physically sensible and in most cases the lowest energy structure. To demonstrate the applicability of the technique, caps of the (5,5) and the (10,0) nanotubes are investigated by means of density-functional tight binding (DFTB). The calculation of cap energies highlights the ability of the algorithm to produce lowest energy caps. Due to the preferential construction of spherical caps, the technique is particularly well suited for the construction of capped multiwall nanotubes (MWNTs). To validate this proposal and the overall robustness of the algorithm, a MWNT is constructed containing the chiralities (9,2)@(15,6)@(16,16). The algorithm presented paves the way for future computational investigations into the physics and chemistry of capped nanotubes.

dc.publisherAmerican Physical Society
dc.titleGeneralized method for constructing the atomic coordinates of nanotube caps
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titlePhysical Review B
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available

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