Deliberate self-harm, substance use and negative affect in nonclinical samples: A systematic review
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This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in the Substance Abuse (2013), copyright Taylor & Francis, available online at: <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/08897077.2012.693462">http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/08897077.2012.693462</a>
BACKGROUND AND METHOD: A systematic literature review was conducted to examine associations between self-harm, substance use, and negative affect in nonclinical samples. RESULTS: Forty-two articles describing 36 studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Findings indicated that individuals who engage in substance use are significantly more likely to engage in self-harm. It was also found that negative affective states such as depression and anxiety are consistently associated with self-harm. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide some guidance in identifying those who are at increased risk of self-harm. Reducing these risk factors could be an important strategy in preventing self-harm behavior in the general population.
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