Acid-catalyzed conversion of C6 sugar monomer/oligomers to levulinic acid in water, tetrahydrofuran and toluene: Importance of the solvent polarity
MetadataShow full item record
In this study, acid-catalyzed conversions of three typical C6 sugar monomers/oligomers (glucose, maltose, and beta-cyclodextrins) to levulinic acid in water, tetrahydrofuran (THF) and toluene have been investigated over a solid acid catalyst Amberlyst 70 (A70), aiming to understand behaviors of the sugars in the solvents with distinct polarities. Molecular sizes of the sugars do not affect both insoluble polymer and levulinic acid formation in the same solvent, but levulinic acid yields vary significantly in the different solvents: In water > in THF with wet A70 > in THF with dried A70 ~ in toluene. This is due to the different ways of dispersion of the sugars, catalyst and products in the solvents. Sugars are well dispersed in water. Instead, in THF or toluene sugars dissolve in wet A70 that contains water (55 wt.%), which facilitates conversion of the sugars but promotes polymerization as well. In addition, the formation of insoluble polymer, soluble polymer and other products also varied a lot due to distinct polarities of the solvents.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Hu, Xun; Wu, L.; Wang, Yi; Mourant, Daniel; Lievens, Caroline; Gunawan, Richard; Li, Chun-Zhu (2012)Acid-catalyzed conversions of levoglucosan have been investigated in mono-alcohols, poly-alcohols, water, chloroform, toluene, acetone, N,N-dimethyl formamide, dimethyl sulfoxide and some mixed solvents, aiming to mediate ...
Acid-catalyzed conversion of Xylose in 20 solvents: Insight into interactions of the solvents with Xylose, Furfural, and the Acid CatalystHu, Xun; Westerhof, Roel; Dong, Dehua; Wu, Liping; Li, Chun-Zhu (2014)In this study, the acid-catalyzed conversion of xylose to furfural was investigated in 20 solvents ranging from water, alcohol, ketones, furans, ethers, esters, hydrocarbons, and aromatics with the aim to understand their ...
Simultaneous hydrogenation and acid-catalyzed conversion of the biomass-derived furans in solvents with distinct polaritiesHu, X.; Kadarwati, S.; Song, Y.; Li, Chun-Zhu (2016)© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016. Furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), the two typical biomass-derived furans, can be converted into biofuels and value-added chemicals via hydrogenation or acid catalysis or ...