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dc.contributor.authorMiller, L.
dc.contributor.authorZiviani, J.
dc.contributor.authorWare, R.
dc.contributor.authorBoyd, Roslyn
dc.identifier.citationMiller, L. and Ziviani, J. and Ware, R. and Boyd, R. 2015. Does Context Matter? Mastery Motivation and Therapy Engagement of Children with Cerebral Palsy. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics. 36 (2): pp. 155-170.

Aims: To determine if mastery motivation at baseline predicts engagement in two goal-directed upper limb (UL) interventions for children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP). Methods: Participants were 44 children with UCP, mean age 7 years 10 months, Manual Ability Classification System level I (N = 23) or II (N = 21). Twenty-six children received intensive novel group-based intervention (Hybrid Constraint Induced Movement Therapy, hCIMT) and 18 received distributed individual occupational therapy (OT). Caregivers completed the Dimensions of Mastery Questionnaire (DMQ) parent-proxy report at baseline. Children's engagement was independently rated using the Pediatric Volitional Questionnaire (PVQ). Associations between children's mastery motivation and engagement were examined using linear regression. Results: Children who received hCIMT had lower DMQ persistence at baseline (p = .05) yet higher PVQ volitional (p = .04) and exploration (p = .001) scores. Among children who received hCIMT, greater object-oriented persistence was associated with task-directedness (β 0.25, p = .05), seeking challenges (β = 0.51, p = .02), exploration (β = 0.10, p = .03), and volitional scores (β = 0.23, p = .01). Conclusion: Despite having lower levels of persistence prior to engaging in UL interventions, children who received hCIMT demonstrated greater engagement in goal-directed tasks than children who received individual OT. Within hCIMT, children's motivational predisposition to persist with tasks manifested in their exploration and engagement in therapy.

dc.publisherInforma Healthcare
dc.titleDoes Context Matter? Mastery Motivation and Therapy Engagement of Children with Cerebral Palsy
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titlePhysical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
curtin.departmentSchool of Occupational Therapy and Social Work
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available

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