Should alcohol policies aim to reduce total alcohol consumption? New analyses of Canadian drinking patterns
MetadataShow full item record
We investigated whether high-risk drinking patterns are restricted to a few high-volume drinkers or are evenly distributed across the population to inform discussion regarding the optimal mix of targeted versus universal prevention strategies. Drinking patterns reported in the 2004 Canadian Addiction Survey (CAS, n = 13,909) were assessed against various low-risk drinking guidelines. Under-reporting was assessed against known alcohol sales for 2004. Non-response bias due to the low response rate (47%) was investigated through comparisons with the 2002 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). Self-reported alcohol consumption for the past week and past year accounted for between 31.9% and 37.0%, respectively of official alcohol sales data. Comparisons with the 2002 CCHS suggested only limited non-response bias. Many more respondents regularly placed themselves at risk of short-term harm (20.6%) than exceeded guidelines for avoiding long-term health problems (3.9%). Ten percent of respondents consumed more than 50% of total self-reported consumption. Most alcohol (73.4%) consumed by the sample in the previous week was drunk in excess of Canadian low-risk drinking guidelines - for 19 to 24 year olds this figure was 89.4%. These data provide support both for universal prevention strategies (e.g. reducing economic and physical availability of alcohol) as well as targeted interventions for risky drinkers (e.g. screening and brief interventions in primary health care settings). © 2009 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
An adaptation of the yesterday method to correct for under-reporting of alcohol consumption and estimate compliance with Canadian low-risk drinking guidelinesZhao, J.; Stockwell, Tim; Thomas, G. (2015)Objectives: To estimate compliance with Canada’s Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines (LRDG) in different groups of drinkers after adjusting for underreporting of alcohol use, and to identify which types of beverage are ...
The relationship between alcohol problems, perceived risks and attitudes toward alcohol policy in CanadaMacdonald, S.; Stockwell, Tim; Luo, J. (2011)Introduction and Aims: Approval of alcohol policies by the public in democratic countries is critical for instituting social change. With respect to alcohol policies, mounting research indicates that a higher price per ...
Counting the cold ones: A comparison of methods measuring total alcohol consumption of managed alcohol program participantsChow, C.; Wettlaufer, A.; Zhao, J.; Stockwell, Tim; Pauly, B.; Vallance, K. (2018)© 2017 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Introduction and Aims: Managed alcohol programs (MAP) aim to reduce harms experienced by unstably housed individuals with alcohol use disorders by providing ...