Association of general and abdominal obesity with age, endocrine and metabolic factors in Asian men
MetadataShow full item record
Objective: This study made use of the percent abdominal fat to define abdominal obesity (AbO) and examined the differential associations of general obesity (GOb) and AbO with age, metabolic and endocrine factors. Methods: Metabolic, endocrine and anthropometric factors and body composition were measured in 481 Asian men. Results: A DEXA-derived =25% abdominal fat (PAbdF) was used to define men with AbO. Age was directly associated with PAbdF and percent total body fat (PBF). Exercise intensity was negatively associated with PBF. Both PBF and PAbdF were associated with HDL and LDL, but have opposite correlation with triglyceride. Furthermore, both PBF and PAbdF were associated with the number of metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors. Men with GOb had lower levels of percent lean mass (PLM), testosterone and bioavailable testosterone, and higher insulin and glucose levels. Men with AbO had lower arm and leg fat, higher insulin levels and triglycerides. Conclusions: Men with GOb and AbO had different pattern of body composition. Age may be a contributory factor in AbO and a sedentary lifestyle may contribute to GOb. Both GOb and AbO are associated with an increased risk of MetS, with GOb more predispose to risk of diabetes, while AbO more at risk for cardiovascular diseases.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Arifin, S.; Falasca, Marco (2016)Metabolism is a chemical process used by cells to transform food-derived nutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates and fats, into chemical and thermal energy. Whenever an alteration of this process occurs, the chemical ...
Low-Volume High-Intensity Interval Training in a Gym Setting Improves Cardio-Metabolic and Psychological HealthShepherd, S.; Wilson, O.; Taylor, A.; Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Cecilie; Adlan, A.; Wagenmakers, A.; Shaw, C. (2015)Background - Within a controlled laboratory environment, high-intensity interval training (HIT) elicits similar cardiovascular and metabolic benefits as traditional moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). It is ...
Evidence of inappropriate cardiovascular risk assessment in middle-age women based on recommended cut-points for waist circumferenceFlorath, Ines; Brandt, S.; Weck, M.; Moss, A.; Gottmann, P.; Rothenbacher, D.; Wabitsch, M.; Brenner, H. (2014)© 2014 Elsevier B.V. Background and aims: Diverse waist circumference thresholds for assessment of metabolic and cardiovascular risk in Caucasians are recommended by different health professional organizations. We aimed ...