Highly stable external short-circuit-assisted oxygen ionic transport membrane reactor for carbon dioxide reduction coupled with methane partial oxidation
MetadataShow full item record
A membrane reactor allows for simultaneous separation and reaction, and thus, can play a good role to produce value-added chemicals. In this work, we demonstrated such a membrane reactor based on fluorite oxide samarium-doped ceria (SDC) using an external short-circuit concept for oxygen permeation. The fluorite phase was employed to impart its high structural stability, while its limited electronic conductivity was overcome by the application of an external short circuit to function the SDC membrane for oxygen transport. On one side of the membrane, i.e., feed side, carbon dioxide decomposition into carbon monoxide and oxygen was carried out with the aid of a Pt or Ag catalyst. The resultant oxygen was concurrently depleted on the membrane surface and transported to the other side of the membrane, favorably shifting this equilibrium-limited reaction to the product side. The transported oxygen on the permeate side with the aid of a GdNi/Al2O3 catalyst was then consumed by the reaction with methane to form syngas, i.e., carbon monoxide and hydrogen. As such, the required driving force for gas transport through the membrane can be sustained by coupling two different reactions in one membrane reactor, whose stability to withstand these different gases at high temperatures is attained in this paper. We also examined the effect of the membrane thickness, oxygen ionic transport rate, and CO2 and CH4 flow rates to the membrane reactor performance. More importantly, here, we proved the feasibility of a highly stable membrane reactor based on an external short circuit as evidenced by achieving the constant performance in CO selectivity, CH4 conversion, CO2 conversion, and O2 flux during 100 h of operation and unaltered membrane structure after this operation together with the coking resistance. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Highly Stable External Short-Circuit-Assisted Oxygen Ionic Transport Membrane Reactor for Carbon Dioxide Reduction Coupled with Methane Partial OxidationZhang, K; Liu, Lihong; Sunarso, J.; Yu, H.; Pareek, Vishnu; Liu, Shaomin (2014)A membrane reactor allows for simultaneous separation and reaction, and thus, can play a good role to produce value-added chemicals. In this work, we demonstrated such a membrane reactor based on fluorite oxide samarium-doped ...
Zhang, K.; Sunarso, J.; Pham, Gia; Wang, Shaobin; Liu, Shaomin (2014)Hydrogen permeation membrane is one of the key technologies enabling sustainable hydrogen production from hydrocarbon resources.The employment of such a membrane reactor allows simultaneous coupling of reaction and ...
Zhang, C.; Ran, Ran; Pham, Gia; Zhang, Kun; Liu, J.; Liu, Shaomin (2015)Robust oxygen ion conducting membranes based on doped ceria oxides can be used as oxygen permeation membranes with a short circuit to provide the required electronic conduction. Previous methods have coated both surfaces ...