Biased Saccadic Responses to Emotional Stimuli in Anxiety: An Antisaccade Study.
MetadataShow full item record
Research suggests that anxiety is maintained by an attentional bias to threat, and a growing base of evidence suggests that anxiety may additionally be associated with the deficient attentional processing of positive stimuli. The present study sought to examine whether such anxiety-linked attentional biases were associated with either stimulus driven or attentional control mechanisms of attentional selectivity. High and low trait anxious participants completed an emotional variant of an antisaccade task, in which they were required to prosaccade towards, or antisaccade away from a positive, neutral or threat stimulus, while eye movements were recorded. While low anxious participants were found to be slower to saccade in response to positive stimuli, irrespectively of whether a pro- or antisaccade was required, such a bias was absent in high anxious individuals. Analysis of erroneous antisaccades further revealed at trend level, that anxiety was associated with reduced peak velocity in response to threat. The findings suggest that anxiety is associated with the aberrant processing of positive stimuli, and greater compensatory efforts in the inhibition of threat. The findings further highlight the relevance of considering saccade peak velocity in the assessment of anxiety-linked attentional processing.
This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Biased attentional processing of positive stimuli in Social Anxiety Disorder: An eye movement study.Chen, N.; Clarke, Patrick; MacLeod, C.; Guastella, A. (2012)Despite the established relationship between social anxiety and attentional bias towards threat, a growing base of evidence suggests that social anxiety is additionally maintained by a deficit in the attentional processing ...
Does attentional bias to threat ameliorate or exacerbate the detrimental effect of trait anxiety on behavioural preparedness for real-world danger?Notebaert, L.; Clarke, Patrick; MacLeod, C. (2016)Objective: Heightened trait anxiety is associated with impaired behavioural preparedness for natural hazards. However, little is known about the mechanisms that contribute to this association. Research has shown that trait ...
Aberrant Gaze Patterns in Social Anxiety Disorder: An Eye Movement Assessment during Public SpeakingChen, N.; Clarke, Patrick; MacLeod, C.; Hicke, I.; Guastella, A. (2016)Social anxiety disorder is maintained by biased attentional processing, which may encompass biases in the component engagement, disengagement, and avoidance attentional processes. However, few studies have directly examined ...